The Details: Full Comparative Analysis

Principle Fair Trade means a safe and healthy working environment for producers and workers and conforms to all International Labour Organization conventions and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The participation of children (if any) does not adversely affect their well-being, security, educational requirements and need for play, and conforms to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child as well as pertinent local/regional laws. Fair Trade ensures that there are mechanisms in place through which hired labor has an independent voice and is included in the benefits of trade through mechanisms such as living wages, profit sharing, and cooperative workplace structures. Apprenticeships are promoted to develop the skills of the next generation of farmers, artisans, and workers.



Key to Chart
The program is exemplary and meets the DFTA's criteria expectations. The program has some innovative approaches to this issue that may serve as a model.
The program appears to have a comprehensive approach to this issue in general alignment with DFTA criteria. There are some concerns or issues to highlight regarding the program's approach to this issue.
The program addresses this issue and may meet some of the criteria, but significant concerns, questions, or shortcomings compromise the approach. There is inadequate information or outstanding questions preventing a reliable assessment of the program's approach to this issue.
The program either does not address the issue at all, or clearly fails to address it in a manner consistent with DFTA criteria. Not applicable / not addressed by program
1. The certification program ensures that workers have freedom of association and the recognized right to hold meetings of any kind outside of working hours.
2. Employers provide any necessary protective equipment or gear to the workers at no cost, require that the equipment provided is appropriate to the task(s) that the workers carry out, and require that the workers use the protective equipment.
3. Living wages are paid, relative to local prevailing wages and cost of living (above local minimum wage); total wages equal a living wage without affecting ergonomic health if piece rates are paid.
4. Workers have full information about any toxic or potentially toxic materials and ideally have the explicit right to opt out of using toxic materials with no penalty.
5. Basic needs and protections for workers are ensured, including, for example, access to potable water, access to functioning sanitation facilities, procedures for emergency medical care, safe and functional housing if it is provided, safe transportation if it is provided, access to shelter from extreme weather including shade, and adequate breaks.
6. Child labor is prohibited; farms/businesses have written policies and procedures ensuring children’s participation does not adversely affect their health, security, education, and recreation.
7. Written employment contracts are required and farms/businesses allow employees to negotiate the contract through independent trade unions, workers’ associations, or collectively on their own, if they choose any of these options.
8. The use of labor contractors is discouraged or prohibited; if labor contractors are used, all rights of labor are still upheld and the employer is still held ultimately responsible for upholding all labor rights.

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