The Details: Full Comparative Analysis


Principle. Fair Trade emphasizes a holistic approach to agriculture, as defined by Via Campesina to include fishing, hunting and gathering and other means of sourcing food. Fair Trade supports sustainable agriculture practices such as organic, biodynamic, non-toxic bio-intensive integrated pest management, farm diversification, and small-scale farming which protect the environment, sustain farming communities, and provide consumers with quality, healthful food. Fair Trade emphasizes the biodiversity of traditional agriculture, supports the rights of farmers to their own seed, and preserves cultural diversity. Fair Trade also emphasizes sustainable business practices through the entire supply chain, which can include green office operations, use of alternative energies, or other sustainable practices.

DFTA values programs that promote agricultural methods that are non-toxic to people and the environment and that emphasize cultural and biological diversity. Care should be demonstrated for the constant improvement of soil, air, and water, including on-going improvement of soil, erosion control, and limiting fertilizer use, based on the principles of bio-intensive fertilizer and pesticide use, and with the ultimate goal of minimizing environmental impact and strengthening healthy, robust, and bio-diverse agricultural eco-systems. Production systems should be organized to ensure that farmers and workers are not exposed to toxic chemicals, workplace hazards, or other health and safety risks. DFTA recognizes the Pesticide Action Network list of prohibited chemicals and progress requirements that can be followed at a minimum based on DFTA interpretation of bio-intensive protocols. Sustainability includes environmental, economic, and quality of life or social justice for all participants. Standards and certification programs should include standards for sustainable agriculture and monitor for practices in compliance with these criteria.

Key to Chart
The program is exemplary and meets the DFTA's criteria expectations. The program has some innovative approaches to this issue that may serve as a model.
The program appears to have a comprehensive approach to this issue in general alignment with DFTA criteria. There are some concerns or issues to highlight regarding the program's approach to this issue.
The program addresses this issue and may meet some of the criteria, but significant concerns, questions, or shortcomings compromise the approach. There is inadequate information or outstanding questions preventing a reliable assessment of the program's approach to this issue.
The program either does not address the issue at all, or clearly fails to address it in a manner consistent with DFTA criteria. Not applicable / not addressed by program
1. Workers have full information about any toxic or potentially toxic materials and ideally have the explicit right to opt out of using toxic materials with no penalty.
2. Farms/businesses follow a sustainable agriculture protocol or have organic certification or other certification that promotes environmental stewardship.

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